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Measurement of Well-Being in Gerontopsychiatric Nursing Home Residents: Development of the Laurens Well-Being Inventory for Gerontopsychiatry

  • Elja van der Wolf, MSc, Susan A. H. van Hooren, PhD, Wim Waterink, PhD, Lilian Lechner, PhD

Elja van der Wolf, MSc, Susan A. H. van Hooren, PhD, Wim Waterink, PhD, Lilian Lechner, PhD

Jaar: 2018

Abstract

Background:
The gerontopsychiatric population consists of nursing home residents with combined psychiatric and physical disabilities. A validated measure to assess well-being among this population is currently not available. This article is a first step toward the development of a well-being instrument for the gerontopsychiatric population.

Methods:
Potential measurement items were gathered and selected with the help of both gerontopsychiatric residents and care professionals. A total of 295 residents and their primary professional caregivers were interviewed. Theoretical and data-driven considerations were applied in the methodological process of scale construction.

Results:
The final instrument comprised of 30 items within 3 dimensions of well-being (physical, social, and psychological well-being). Reliability and validity were found to be adequate for all dimensions and subscales.

Conclusions:
The Laurens Well-Being Inventory for Gerontopsychiatry measures well-being in gerontopsychiatric nursing home residents. The first results regarding reliability and validity are promising. More research is needed especially to examine test–retest reliability and responsiveness to change.